How to Enable Gzip Compression
What is Gzip compression?
Gzip is a method of compressing files (making them smaller) for faster network transfers. It is also a file format.
Compression allows your web server to provide smaller file sizes which load faster for your website users.
Enabling gzip compression is a standard practice. If you are not using it for some reason, your webpages are likely slower than your competitors.
How to enable Gzip compression
Compression is enabled via webserver configuration
Here are the most common ways to enable compression including .htaccess, Apache, Nginx, and Litespeed webservers.
Enable compression via .htaccess
For most people reading this, compression is enabled by adding some code to a file called .htaccess on their web host/server. This means going to the file manager (or wherever you go to add or upload files) on your webhost.
The .htaccess file controls many important things for your site. If you are not familiar with the .htaccess file, please read my working with .htaccess article to get some know how before changing it.
The code below should be added to your .htaccess file...
Save the .htaccess file and then refresh your webpage.
Enable compression on Apache webservers
The instructions and code above will work on Apache. If they are not working there is another way that may work for you. If the above code did not seem to work, remove it from your .htaccess file and try this one instead...
Enable compression on NGINX webservers
To enable compression in NGINX you will need to add the following code to your config file
Enable compression on Litespeed webservers
The ideal way to enable compression in Litespeed is to do it through the configuration under "tuning". Just go down to "enable compression" and check to see if it is on, if not click "edit" then choose to turn it on. While you are there, look over the several Gzip options that are nearby.
How effective is gzip compression?
Compression of your HTML and CSS files with gzip typically saves around fifty to seventy percent of the file size. This means that it takes less time to load your pages, and less bandwidth is used over all.