Directory listing in htaccess. Allow, Deny, Disable, Enable Directory Listing in .htaccess

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Directory listing in htaccess. Allow, Deny, Disable, Enable Directory Listing in .htaccess

When a web browser is pointed to a directory on your web site which does not have an index.html file (or any other index file) in it, the files in that directory can be listed on a web page. Let us see few snippets that can be added in htaccess file to allow or avoid directory listing in apache server.

Enable / Disable directory Listing

To allow a web server to produce a directory listing, whenever you point a directory without index file. Add following line in your .htaccess file.

Options +Indexes 

To disable or prevent the directory access add following line in your .htaccess file. If user points the browsers to a directory which does not have index file then in this case 403 error will be

Options -Indexes 

You will see a forbidden page if no index is defined when directory browsing is disabled.

Change Listing style

You may want to display other details while showing the directory listing. This includes file icons, file size, modification date and more. This can be done by adding fancy style to your htaccess file. Add following snippet in .htaccess file.

IndexOptions +FancyIndexing-directory-listing-htaccess

To remove the fancy directory listing or to display normal directory listing, use -FancyIndex.

IndexOptions -FancyIndexing

Ignore files with specific extension

It may happen that you may need to ignore certain files to get displayed in directory listing. This can be achieved using IndexIgnore directive in .htaccess file. Following snippet will not display .zip and .txt file in directory listing.

IndexIgnore *.php *.htm *.pdf

Modify Index File

It is possible to change the default index file from index.html (index.php, index.jsp …) to any other file. Following line will change the index file to Home.html.

DirectoryIndex Home.html